Sleep disorder

Insomnia

Insomnia is difficulty getting to sleep or staying asleep, or having nonrefreshing sleep for at least 1 month.

Symptoms

  • Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep
  • Waking up too early
  • Having poor quality of sleep
  • Waking up frequently at night
  • Difficulty going back to sleep within a few minutes after waking up at night?

The following day are you:

  • Feeling fatigued and not well-rested
  • Feeling tired (not refreshed) even after a long sleep
  • Feeling no energy
  • Having difficulty with attention, concentration or memory
  • Have difficultly with performing tasks, social skills, or your work duties
  • Feeling unmotivated
  • Experiencing mood swings, irritable
  • Feeling sleepy
  • Suffering from morning headaches?

Symptoms of Insomnia may vary over time.

If you answered yes to one or more of the above complaints, then you maybe suffering from sleep disorder or insomnia.

Risk factors

  • Advance age
  • Post menopausal and perimenopausal women
  • Divorced, widowed or going through separation
  • Mood and anxiety disorder
  • Smoking cigarettes, drinking caffeinated beverages or alcohol
  • Suffering from medical or psychiatric illnesses
  • Certain prescriptions drugs
  • Restless leg syndrome

Medical Conditions associated with Insomnia

  • Selective diseases of the heart and lungs
  • Rheumatologic
  • Hormonal
  • Neurological
  • Kidney diseases
  • Gastrointestinal diseases, etc.

Sleep disorders are commonly diagnosed after a thorough physical & neurological examination and evaluation, filling out a sleep diary, and laboratory workups. Infrequently, it requires an overnight sleep study and/or video EEG monitoring.

Primary Sleep Disorders associated with Insomnia

  • Circadian rhythm disorders (disorders of day and night cycle)
  • Parasomnias (abnormal sleep physiology or behaviors)
  • Sleep apnea (abnormal breathing during the sleep)
  • Periodic limb movement (disorders of movement while asleep)
  • Restless legs syndrome (irresistible urge to move ones limbs)

Treatment

  • Depression or anxiety
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Nocturnal limb movements
  • Reviewing sleep dairy and promoting good sleep hygiene
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy, relaxation techniques
  • At times, treatment with medications

At AAN we evaluate and treat each aspect of insomnia according to the individual’s needs and requirements.